JAMB Free Tutorial On Word Stress In English (ENGLISH Tutorial) also in WAEC, NECO

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JAMB Free Tutorial On Word Stress In English (ENGLISH Tutorial), this is our second JAMB tutorial but this time on English. The topic is word stress in English.

No student can escape answering questions on word stress in JAMB and it will come easy for those who master it and that’s what you’re here for. Don’t forget to use the comment box to ask questions or tell us something , maybe what we should tutor you on next .

JAMB Free Tutorial On Word Stress

JAMB Free Tutorial On Word Stress

STRESS IN ENGLISH 
Stress phonetically is an extra force used when pronouncing a particular word or syllable uttered with greater energy or emphasis and consequently louder and stronger .

Those that require greater energy are said to be stressed and those that do not require such force are said to be unstressed .

The unstressed syllables are usually found with weak vowels – /I/ , /U/ … While stressed syllables carry long vowels /a:/ , /3:/ , /I/ , and diphthongs – /ei/ , /au/ , /ai/ ..

The methods of indicating stress include underlining , placement of a stroke before the stressed syllable and capitalization . Capitalization is the most  used method , it is used for the W.A.S.S.C Examination

Example of Capitalization letters 

aBUSE
FREquent
REAding
appliCATION

Example of Underlining Method

a buse
appli cation
Inor ganic

Example of stroke Method 

a’buse
‘frequent
appli’cation

WORD STRESS CLASSIFICATION

Words are generally classified according to the number of syllable they are made of.

We’ve 3 types of syllable
:

Also read: 12 Ways To Pass JAMB 2021 Examination

  • Monosyllabic
  • Disyllabic and
  • Polysyllabic words .

a. Monosyllabic words : They are words with only one syllable pronounced at a breath . They’re simple and short form of words , it do take it stress at the first syllable .

Examples : FAT , MAKE , LIP or SPRAY .

b. DISYLLABIC WORDS : 
These are words with two or double syllables . If a word two syllables, the first syllable is a prefix , the second syllable attracts the stress while the first syllable is unstressed .

Examples ; stress on first syllable :
MAdam , MOther ,LAzy ,CLEver ,GOvern , CHARger .

Example Stress On Second Syllable (Prefix) :
conDEMN , unKNOWN , preDATE , aDDICT , unLOCK , aSLEEP .

Prefix are morphemes added before a root word or base word to derive a new meaning  – un  , in , il   , no , pre , pro , re , auto , post , neo .

c . POLYSYLLABIC WORDS : 
These are words made up of three or more syllables .

Note : That generally, words of three or more syllables have their stress on the third syllable from the end of the word . Prefixes and suffixes are usually not stressed .

RULES ON STRESS OF POLYSYLLABIC WORDS :

RULE 1 : 

Stress the first syllable (1st Syllable ) from the back or end of a word whenever any of the following inflection is seen :

TAIN
RADE
NOON
RUPT
SINE
XERT
ISE
PLETE
LENGE
MAIN
BIT
COME
NESE
POSE
ESE
IZE
HEND
LEAGUE
BUTE
DAY
REE
PLOYED
BEY
STAND
PLODE
STOOD
ZINE
TATE
RETE

Examples : enterTAIN , interRUPT ,decomPOSE, introDUCE , misunderSTAND  chaLLENGE …

RULE 2 

Stress the second syllable from the back or end of a word ends in the following : sion , tion , sure , ture , ing , Ed , ede , ege , ade , ere , ent ,Ade , or , er, ICS , ic , tial , cial , ian , IOUs …

Examples : compenSAtion , matheMAtics , converSAtion , eduCAtion , adVENture  , adMIssion , adMIXture , carPENting poliTIcian..

RULE 3 

Stress the 3rd syllable from the end or back of a word which ends in the following : lly,cy,phy,ky,Dy,ty …. rural,tive,al, less,ous,ible,sm,Kent,itude,al,phone,ult,ible ,full,ness

Examples :
satisFACtory , inforMAlity , BEtterment , fanTAStical , conSERvative , SPEctacle , MAgnitude …. and the likes …

RULE 4

Compound words are made up of two or more words hyphenated or unhyphenated.

a. Generally , the stress is on the first word : GAScooker ,TAPErecorder, HEADache , …

b . The stress however can be on the second part of the compound word in (1) Adjectives (2) Number (3)Food and Menu (4)Compass Points  .

Examples
Adjectives : first-CLASS , forty- ONE ..

FOOD AND MENU : toast-BREAD , peppered-SOUP …

compass Points : south-WEST , north-EAST , north-WEST , south-WEST …

C. Sometimes , a compound word may have a special meaning quite different from the literal meaning of the individual words . In this regard , the first word is stressed .

Example : BLACKleg , WHITEhouse ,BLACKmail,BLACKberry, LAPtop ..

To Do
Stress the words below ( USE THE COMMENT BOX)
 
1.) communication
2.)communism
3.)roastbeef
4.)south-south
5.)commercial
6.)education
Answer any or all of the above .
This would be the end of today’s tutorial .

Kindly use the comment box below to ask questions , tell us something , drop us a topic to tutor you on .

Thanks .
..

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